Sunday 26 Jan 2020

Dealing With Pesky Fire Ants

It has been nice to have a few cooler, fall -like days over the past week. We usually see fire ant mounds be more prominent this time of year as start into the fall season. Fire ants are indeed a pesky insect that everyone deals with at one time or another.

Red imported fire ants are a pest in home lawns and landscapes known for their painful stings and unsightly mounds. Fire ants can occur anytime of the year, but tend to peak in the spring and fall especially in moist soils. The big question everyone asks is how we control the red imported fire ants. Fire ants cannot be completely eradicated but with proper control measures they can be reduced or eliminated temporarily from small areas.  You don’t have to look far in garden centers and stores before finding products for controlling fire ants.  No matter what product you select it is important to read and follow the label directions because improper application of the insecticide can result in the product not being as effective in controlling fire ants.

A “two-step” approach is recommended to managing fire ants.  The first step is to broadcast fire ant bait over an area where fire ant mounds are occurring while the ants are foraging.  The idea with fire ant baits is that worker ants will bring the bait back to the mound, thinking it is food.  The worker ants feed the bait to the queen before its effects are discovered.  It is important to understand that fire ant baits take time to work.  Avoid disturbing the mounds and give 2 to 4 weeks for baits to have an effect. The second step to this “two-step” approach is to treat individual mounds that still exist a couple of weeks after applying the bait.  Individual mound treatments can include baits, granulars, dust, and drenches.

There are many products to choose from when controlling fire ants in your lawn.  Bait treatments can include but are not limited to insecticides like hydramethylnon (Amdro, Maxforce), methoprene (Extinguish), and pyrethroids (Talastar, Tempo). Spinosad (Entrust, Green Light Fire Ant Control) is an organic insecticide option available for controlling fire ants.

It is important to recognize and be on the outlook for fire ant mounds to avoid being stung. Also, remember to teach children what fire ant mounds look like and to not kick or disturb the mound.  If you have access to the internet and would like more information on the red imported fire ant, Texas A&M University has an informative website that includes how to identify fire ants, control measures, and what to do if stung.  The website address is

If you are interested in learning more about how to manage pests in the garden and landscape, such as weeds, insects, and diseases, join us for Pest Management in the Garden workshop on Wednesday, September 4th from 10am to 1pm at the Wayne County Extension Office, located at The Maxwell Center at 3114B Wayne Memorial Drive, Goldsboro. Registration fee is $5. Pre-registration is not required. Arrive a few minutes early to register and pay.

Recommendations for the use of agricultural chemicals are included in this article as a convenience to the reader. The use of brand names and any mention or listing of commercial products or services in this article does not imply endorsement by North Carolina Cooperative Extension nor discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned. Individuals who use agricultural chemicals are responsible for ensuring that the intended use complies with current regulations and conforms to the product label. Be sure to obtain current information about usage regulations and examine a current product label before applying any chemical.


Jessica Strickland is an Agriculture Extension Agent, specializing in horticulture for North Carolina Cooperative Extension in Wayne County.


Upcoming Wayne County Extension Gardening Programs

  • Pest Management in the Garden Workshop
    • Wednesday, September 4th – 10am to 1pm at the Wayne County Extension Office (The Maxwell Center, 3114B Wayne Memorial Drive, Goldsboro)
    • Pest Management in the Garden workshop will cover how to prevent and deal with pest problems in your garden and landscape, including insects, diseases, and weeds.
    • Registration fee is $5. Pre-registration is not required. Arrive a few minutes early to register.
  • Visit the Farm Credit Farmers Market!
    • Located behind The Maxwell Center at 3114 Wayne Memorial Drive, Goldsboro
    • Market is open Thursdays & Fridays from 10am to 5pm and Saturdays 9am to 2pm
    • Follow up on Facebook and Instagram @farmcreditfarmersmarket

  • Fall Fest at the Farmers Market – Saturday, September 14th
    • Celebrate the fall season with us at Fall Fest at the Farmers Market from 9am to 2pm. The Farm Credit Farmers Market is located behind The Maxwell Center at 3114 Wayne Memorial Drive, Goldsboro
    • Shop the farmers market for fresh, local produce and handmade crafts.
    • Event will also include free hay rides, mums for sell by Eastern Wayne FFA, small pumpkins for sell by Wayne County 4-H, Apple dessert contest, Kids pumpkin decorating contest, and much more.
    • Visit the Farm Credit Farmers Market on Facebook and Instagram for more information



  1. Manny Quinn says:

    One of the best treatments that I’ve found is “Martin’s Fire Ant Killer”. It can be found at Ace Hardware.The active ingredient is “acephate” and Martin’s has 75% whereas other products that you can buy at Lowes and Walmart only have 50% & don’t seem quite as effective. It’s expensive but you only need about 1/2 teaspoonful per mound. Beware…it’s smells terrible and you should be careful not to inhale the dust.


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